Vincent Van Gogh (1853-1890) is one of the most relevant and probably the most famous artist of Post Impressionism Era. He was an artist of great influence in areas such as expressionism, fauvism and abstract art. He was raised in a cultured Holland home that was very religious as his father was a Pastor.
Van Gogh discovered Impressionism and Neo-Impressionism in Paris where he met Paul Gauguin and other Impressionists. In his paintings he reflected his internal state of mind, as his famous Starry Night painting shows. This painting was also the prelude of Expressionism, another formidable art form. With his close association with Gauguin, Van Gogh was able to persuade him to join him in Arles, France. Both founded an art school but were unsuccessful in the ventures.
Van Gogh suffered from mental fits of madness. During one of his mental bouts, he cut a part of his left ear with a razor while pursuing Gauguin. Ironically, this was the time where he was able to produce most of his famous art pieces with his recognizable style, using bright colors. He produced 900 paintings and 1,100 drawings; these were in the last ten years of his life. He stayed in a mental asylum at Saint-Remy where he later committed suicide.
During his lifetime, he only sold one painting.