The Pre Raphaelite Art movement was not a very large movement. It was called the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood or the PRB and was founded in 1849 by William Hunt, John Everett Millais, D.G. Rossetti, James Collinson, Thomas Woolner, William Michael Rossetti and to some extent Christina, Michael´s sister. Their intentions were to create art that was appropriate for their modern age. They did this by defying the rules of conventional art. So if the Royal Academy taught certain structures in composition and rich tone and shadow, the PRB delighted in painting just the opposite by using bright colors and evenly lit paintings.
The PRB also represented their figures with such precision as to almost make it photographic and they did this with all figures including those in the foreground which were traditionally left blurred.
Their subjects came from passages in Shakespeare, Tennyson, and Keats. As this group of painters worked and showed a lager group of painters began following in their footsteps and joining their group.