Landscapes in the Romantic Period – Turner

William Turner - The Fighting Temeraire tugged to her last berth to be broken upDuring the height of the Romanticism Movement, landscaping art emerged. Artists that were closely associated with this era included Caspar David Friedrich, John Constable, J.M.W. Turner, and William Blake.

William Turner was probably the most important landscape artist of Romanticism. He was also known as the painter of light. He used watercolors and painted beautiful, romantic sunsets and paintings of various other subjects. One of his most important and beautiful paintings was titled “The Fighting Temerarie”. The painting shows an old ship, The Fighting Temeraire which fought in the battle of Trafalgar, and was tugged to her last Berth to be broken up. Turner always referred to this painting as “My Darling”. He never sold it and was emotionally attached to it.

John Constable paintings were geared towards nature and glorious skies, rivers and streams, hot summer days, clouds, livestock, small towns and everyday people coming and going on about their daily routine.

In general, landscapes had a great development during Romanticism evoking a spiritual state. There are preferences for night scenes, ruins, seascapes and cemeteries; landscapes with shades, silent and empty and full of sadness were often used.

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