Rousseau – Naive Art

Henry Rousseau - Self Portrait Naive ArtHenri Rousseau was born as part of a modest family and he made his living in customs. He was not a professional painter, in that he did not live from his paintings, but he considered himself a painter above all else.

He painted differently from the more educated contemporary artists. He did not have any artistic education, he was self taught. His painting differed from the more elaborated paintings of the times in that they were rougher and also in the themes it depicted. He liked to use photos and illustrated books for his paintings.

The traits of his paintings were the traits of innocence:

Innocence is what justifies naïf paintings. A Naïf painting is a type of painting that shows an unaffected simplicity with none of the guile of worldly experience. The painting shows many of society’s shortcomings and clumsiness, but they are by no means inferior to other types of paintings. The main characteristics of naïf paintings are as follows:

Contours were defined very precisely.

  • There was a lack of perspective.
  • Extraordinary use of color.
  • Spectrum very refined.
  • Painting very detailed and meticulous.
  • The sensation of volume is achieved through color.
  • The drawing may be wrong.
  • The signatures are often large.
  • Great expressive power.

Source: Spanisharts

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