Surrealism Art

Max Ernst - L’Ange du foyer ou Le Triomphe du surréalismeSurrealism is a cultural movement in the early 1920s that brought together artists, thinkers and researchers in hunt of sense of expression of the unconscious. Surrealism was a thrilling revolutionary movement. The artists in the surrealistic movement were greatly influenced by Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung who taught us that the psyche can be understood through reason. Surrealism was born after the publication of the “Le Manifeste du Surrealisme” by the French poet Andre Breton (1924). Breton suggested that rational thought oppressed creativity and thus was contrary to artistic expression.

Surrealist artists wanted their work to be a link between their minds and thoughts and the real forms of the material world. To them, object stood as a symbol for their inner reality and they used symbols and objects to represent their mind. Through their artworks and paintings, artists displayed their subconscious mind to the conscious mind. This way, these paintings and what they meant could be understood through analysis. Just as painters during the Renaissance took great care to show how people and bodies were like and they portrayed very well human proportions, surrealist artists tried to show what the mind and thoughts looked like.

There were two different ways how artists chose to show the mind. Some artists expressed them with abstract paintings (automatism) while others expressed them in symbolic tradition (realistic expression).

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